Within the framework of the Intensive Sheep Breeding program developed by the Guarantee Fund, production of extruded feed was launched
As part of the execution of the Decree of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic “On declaring 2019 the Year of Regional Development and Digitalization of the Country” OJSC “Guarantee Fund” has developed its own program “Development of Intensive Sheep Breeding in the Kyrgyz Republic”.
In December 2019, the first guarantee was approved as part of this program. The recipient of the guarantee was a farmer Aralbek Abdyrasulov, who specializes in feeding sheep by stall keeping on his own farm near Bishkek.
He needed the guarantee support to obtain a loan for the purchase of livestock and extruders – machines for the preparation of locally produced feed. With the money received, the farmer bought 2 extruders with a capacity of 400 kg/h. Before that, the farmer used a small machine that produces 60 kg per hour. Thanks to the support of the OJSC “Guarantee Fund”, today the farmer, in addition to his main business – sheep breeding, has launched the production of extruded feed and their further sale to domestic farmers.
If we turn to the advantages of the method of stall breeding of sheep and the use of extruded feed, then, first of all, it is necessary to note the possibility of solving the problem of deterioration of the properties, fertility and productivity of the lands of the republic. Over the past few years, experts have been talking about the degradation of pastures in the country. And its main reason was called the irrational use of land, including livestock grazing on pastures.
Therefore, the method of stall breeding, production and use of extruded feed can play one of the main roles in solving the problem of pasture degradation. And this is not the only indicator in favor of the above method of raising sheep. In addition, this type of feed contributes to a more accelerated weight gain for sheep, gives a significant gain and significantly reduces the feeding period. This is achieved due to the increased digestibility of such feed in the animal body, which reaches up to 90%.
Another two factors in favor of extruded feed are the fact that for the preparation of such feed, cereals are mainly used, such as wheat, barley, corn, which are grown by domestic farmers, and the equipment for extruding feed is produced by entrepreneurs of the Kyrgyz Republic.
Considering that the method of stall cattle breeding is more effective and to date has not received mass distribution among farmers, OJSC “Guarantee Fund” has developed a methodological manual for farmers – livestock breeders. The manual provides recommendations for the use of methods and technologies for intensive fattening of animals that contribute to an increase in meat productivity. This methodological manual is intended to assist farmers in introducing stall keeping of sheep and technology for feeding with extruded feed.
OJSC “Guarantee Fund” sees the main prospect for the implementation of this program in the real possibility of increasing export potential in this direction. And also such prospects are real as:
- in each region, 10-20 farms will be created with stall keeping in the number of 1-2 thousand sheep.
- the annual growth of the sheep population – by 300-400 thousand sheep.
- by 2023, the sheep population will increase to 7.5 million sheep.
- meat production by 2023 will amount to 144 thousand tons per year.
- increase in the volume of meat export – up to 20 thousand tons per year.